Published on April 5th, 2019 📆 | 5875 Views ⚑0
Researchers unearth 74 Facebook cybercrime groups with 385,000 members
Add spam, phishing, and payment-card fraud to the scourges Facebook helps foster. The company is already under the microscope for the role it plays in spreading disinformation promoting white nationalism, conspiracy theories, and opposition to life-saving vaccinations. Now, a report published Friday says Facebook also helps criminals peddle a variety of cybercrime services.
Over the past few months, researchers with Cisco’s Talos security group compiled a list of 74 Facebook groups whose members promised to carry out a variety of unethical, if not outright illegal, activities. Some groups acted as bazaars for the buying, selling, or trading of stolen payment-card data and hacked account credentials. Others served as forums for selling spamming and phishing tools. In all, about 385,000 users were members.
According to the Talos report:
These Facebook groups are quite easy to locate for anyone possessing a Facebook account. A simple search for groups containing keywords such as “spam,” “carding,” or “CVV” will typically return multiple results. Of course, once one or more of these groups has been joined, Facebook’s own algorithms will often suggest similar groups, making new criminal hangouts even easier to find. Facebook seems to rely on users to report these groups for illegal and illicit activities to curb any abuse.
Talos initially attempted to take down these groups individually through Facebook’s abuse-reporting functionality. While some groups were removed immediately, other groups only had specific posts removed. Eventually, through contact with Facebook’s security team, the majority of malicious groups was quickly taken down, however new groups continue to pop up, and some are still active as of the date of publishing. Talos continues to cooperate with Facebook to identify and take down as many of these groups as possible.
Craig Williams, a senior technology leader and global outreach manager at Talos, told Ars that, as of Thursday, all 74 of the Facebook groups had been taken down. But he said it was entirely plausible that new groups pursuing the same unethical and illegal activities had taken their place. Indeed, less than two minutes of searching on Facebook turned up groups that appeared to offer the same services. One group called Carding Secured offered an array of services related to stolen payment-card data. Others carried names such as Spam Professional, Spammer and Hacker by Z0tlob, and Spam 2019, although it wasn’t immediately clear if they violated Facebook terms of service barring the offering of illegal products or services.
Friday’s report makes it clear that some of the groups Talos studied were brazenly offering illegal services. A screenshot from one group shows a Facebook user peddling credit card data for as little as $7. For cards with verified-by-Visa protection, the cost was $15. Other screenshots show users selling credit card data including CVV numbers, email addresses exposed in database breaches, and services for creating fake IDs. Most of the time, sellers seek payments in the form of cryptocurrencies.
In multiple cases, Talos was able to confirm that the illegal items or services sold in Facebook groups were being used in real crimes taking place online. In one post, a Facebook user advertised a service that landed Apple-themed phishing emails in inboxes belonging to Hotmail and Yahoo Mail users. The post contained the following image, demonstrating the spammed messages received in one such inbox:
Talos researchers were then able to locate the same phishing message sent to users in the wild. An analysis showed the messages attached a malicious PDF file that claimed to be an invoice for an Apple-related purchase. Clicking on a link to either view or cancel the order sent users to a phishing website that was associated with a well-known phishing kit that targets Apple users.
Friday’s report comes a year after journalist Brian Krebs reported Facebook had deleted almost 120 groups with more than 300,000 members total after Krebs provided documentation they were flagrantly promoting a host of illicit activities on the social media network’s platform. Williams, the Talos outreach manager, said Facebook faces an uphill battle ridding its platform of cybercrime groups.
“These users are dedicated to Facebook,” he said in an interview. “It’s a lot like trying to kill cockroaches. If you kill 10 of them, there’s probably 20 more.”
A Facebook spokesperson issued a statement that read: “These Groups violated our policies against spam and financial fraud and we removed them. We know we need to be more vigilant and we’re investing heavily to fight this type of activity.”
On background, the spokesperson said Facebook employees deleted the groups after confirming the Talos findings. The employees also identified the users running the deleted groups and blocked their ability to create new groups on Facebook in the future. Facebook, the representative said, has 30,000 people around the world working on safety and security, three times as many as 2017. They use a combination of reports from users, technology, and human review to enforce policies.