Published on February 21st, 2020 📆 | 6855 Views ⚑0
To Protect Or Not To Protect? 6 Prolific Malware Types That Could Harm Your Computer System
Anyone who browse the internet in any form or capacity, knows there is the possibility of their system being infected at one point or the other, and that is, regardless of how careful they might be. In this article, we look at 6 malware types that could compromise a computer security and suggest tips on how to deal with them.
Before that though, it is important to understand that Malware programs do not all have one objective. Some are there to distract and others exist to waste users time. Some are there to create traffic for certain websites, while others are just point of sale. The more sinister ones exist to destroy, hijack and steal data. So here are 6 malware types that you should be aware of, the last of our series on the topic, ‘To Protect Or Not To Protect’.
It is also essential to note that apart from one of the malware listed below, none of the malware we are about to review have occurred in the previous articles.
Many users are unable to distinguish between the various types of malware and call each of them virus. No, there are differences. Subsequently, we cannot deal with every malware with the same technique. A virus is a malicious self-replicating program. It can delete, update, wipe and cause all sorts of unpleasant situations. The difference however, between virus and others is that they do not transfer from computer to computer. So if there is a malicious program that is infecting other systems, virus may not be the culprit.
There are some programs that monitor systems and then send feedback to remote computers. They are called Spyware. A spyware in the hands of someone with malicious intention is dangerous because such a person can extract sensitive information and use it to harm victims.
Everyone that use the internet has come across pop-up programs. Pop-ups are adware programs that interrupt the normal flow of process to display messages. When a sudden screen or window appear while surfing the internet, you can be sure it is an adware. It is important to stress that not all adware are bad because some of them are just trying to sell products. The more malicious ones appeal to desire, saying something like you have won a lottery, and lead users away to their desire destination, where they can lay their assault.
But think about it, how can you win a lotto without purchasing a ticket? Some offer pretentious gifts, while others lure victims through whatever means they find viable. They use intelligence software to track habits, and use the same to predict desire. Haven studied online tendencies, they are able to lead users to undesirable end.
There are insidious programs, and there are less harmful software. However, backdoor is not the average malware. It is one of the most dangerous software that anyone should battle to escape. Backdoor programs explore vulnerabilities and allow remote access to target computers. They attach themselves to downloads and open the door for remote access in host computers. Perpetrators can takeover a computer and manipulate it to their desire. Imagine your financial data in the hands of an unauthorised remote user.
- Rogue security software
They are annoying. They are disruptive. And they are invasive. Often,a computer is affected after downloading a program from the internet. They make you feel that their program is part of the software that has just been downloaded. Rogue security software would hardly give you the opportunity to engage in your own activity. They come up with messages that your system is infected and ask you to buy a program that would help deal with the problem. They have the capacity to update, corrupt and even delete files. Rogue security programs would change your default search engine to their own preference.
Hijacker is an interesting program. When people want to improve search engine performance, the hijacker becomes a good solution. Of course, there are always other motives. Their signature work is diverting search engine results to their own sites. Also, they can divert users start-up page to their own site, and block access to legitimate sites. What the program does best is hijack and control online activities, hence the name hijacker.
Now that we know some of the various malware types, and also understand that a single technique is incapable of dealing with the many different types of malware available, here are a few basic tips that can assist in dealing with problems that you may encounter.
- First of all understand the kind of malware you are dealing with in order to eliminate and shorten the solution process
- Use system restore to restore your computer to the original state before the download of the program that infected your computer system
- Reboot your system using windows ‘F8’ key to access your computer and remove the culprit program
- Go into your system browser and reset the browser to the default one
- Download Microsoft security essential
- Install anti-malware program
- Install adware programs
Preventive methods as you may now know already are always to:
- Ensure your system is updated
- Only open attachments you are confident of
- Install patches from trusted site
- Install firewall